INKEY


Returns a string representing the first key waiting in the keyboard buffer

Syntax:
Usage:
result = Inkey[$]

Return Value:
The first character found in the keyboard buffer, or an empty string ("") if none found.

Description:
Peeks into the keyboard buffer and returns a String representation of the first character, if any, found. The key is then removed from the buffer, and is not echoed to the screen. If the keyboard buffer is empty, an empty string ("") is immediately returned without waiting for keys.

If the key is in the ASCII character set, a one-character String consisting of that character is returned. If the key is an "extended" one (numeric pad, cursors, functions) a two-character String is returned, the first of which is the extended character (See dialect differences below)

The Shift, Ctrl, Alt, and AltGr keys can't be read independently by this function as they never enter the keyboard buffer (although, perhaps obviously, Shift-A will be reported by Inkey differently than Control-A et cetera; Alt-A is an extended key a la the above).

See also Input() or Getkey, or Sleep to wait for a key press if the keyboard buffer is empty.

Examples:
Print "press q to quit"
Do
    Sleep 1, 1
Loop Until Inkey = "q"

#if __FB_LANG__ = "qb"
#define EXTCHAR Chr$(0)
#else
#define EXTCHAR Chr(255)
#endif

Dim k As String

Print "Press a key, or Escape to end"
Do

    k = Inkey$

    Select Case k

        Case "A" To "Z", "a" To "z": Print "Letter: " & k
        Case "1" To "9":             Print "Number: " & k

        Case Chr$(32): Print "Space"

        Case Chr$(27): Print "Escape"

        Case Chr$(9): Print "Tab"

        Case Chr$(8): Print "Backspace"

        Case Chr$(32) To Chr$(127)
            Print "Printable character: " & k

        Case EXTCHAR & "G": Print "Up Left / Home"
        Case EXTCHAR & "H": Print "Up"
        Case EXTCHAR & "I": Print "Up Right / PgUp"

        Case EXTCHAR & "K": Print "Left"
        Case EXTCHAR & "L": Print "Center"
        Case EXTCHAR & "M": Print "Right"

        Case EXTCHAR & "O": Print "Down Left / End"
        Case EXTCHAR & "P": Print "Down"
        Case EXTCHAR & "Q": Print "Down Right / PgDn"

        Case EXTCHAR & "R": Print "Insert"
        Case EXTCHAR & "S": Print "Delete"


        Case EXTCHAR & "k": Print "Close window / Alt-F4"

        Case EXTCHAR & Chr$(59) To EXTCHAR & Chr$(68)
            Print "Function key: F" & Asc(k, 2) - 58

        Case EXTCHAR & Chr$(133) To EXTCHAR & Chr$(134)
            Print "Function key: F" & Asc(k, 2) - 122

        Case Else
            If Len(k) = 2 Then
                Print Using "Extended character: chr$(###, ###)"; Asc(k, 1); Asc(k, 2)
            ElseIf Len(k) = 1 Then
                Print Using "Character chr$(###)"; Asc(k)
            End If

    End Select

    If k = Chr$(27) Then Exit Do

    Sleep 1, 1

Loop


Dialect Differences:
Differences from QB:
See also:
Back to User Input
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